Perfectly explained Logical Problems with solved question and answers

This section will help you to learn about the logical reasoning aptitude called ‘Logical Problems.’ Questions from this section are frequently asked in various exams and it plays an important role in scoring high marks.

While writing any kind of competitive exams, consider time management. Also follow the tips and tricks given here to be a pro in solving logical problems questions within the given time period and of course it saves your time too.

If you are attempting competitive exams like IBPS PO, SBI PO, cat and RBI, interviews or any entrance exams, then you should learn about the concept. It is an vital part to learn and practice logical problems questions, that will help you to answer logic.

What are called logical problems?

The problems that are solved with a strategy are called logical problems. Logical problems are very easy to solve by practicing it online frequently.

Questions from this part come in various patterns, most common patterns are like some statements will be given with options like true, false and uncertain. You have to analyse the statement whether it is logically true or not and then have to answer accordingly.

Another pattern is like few statements will be given along with some facts. Depending on the given statement, you have to find which given facts are logically related with it.

Tricks to solve logical problems

  1. Most of the words given in logical problems are tricky. So try to find it correctly.
  2. If you are comfortable with diagrams or tabular columns, then you can follow those methods without hesitation. It will be helpful in gathering all the given information together.
  3. Reject information that is not connected with the given statement.
  4. There will be possibilities for more than one fact could be true. So arrange the facts accordingly in table or diagram.
  5. Making a clear general idea on the problems will be a good option.
  6. Most important thing is don’t think about anything outside the given statement and facts. It will confuse you and won’t let you come to a conclusion.


Fact 1 : Geetha has four children.

Fact 2 : Two of the children have brown eyes and two of the children have cat eyes.

Fact 3: Half of the children are boys.

If the above given statements are facts, which of the following statements must also be a fact?

  1. At least one boy has brown eyes.
  2. Two of the children are girls.
  3. The girls have cat eyes.


  1. I only
  2. II only
  3. II and III only
  4. None of the statements is a known fact.

The answer is option (b). It clearly states that half of the children are girls where in statement it is given that half of the children are boys.