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Perfectly explained statement and conclusion with solved question and answers

This section will help you to learn about the logical reasoning aptitude called ‘Statements and conclusion.’ Questions from this section are frequently asked in various exams and it plays an important role in scoring high marks.

While writing any kind of competitive exams, consider time management. Also follow the tips and tricks given here to be an expert in solving statements and conclusions.

What is statement and conclusion reasoning?

In general, statement means declaring something. We use to give statements in day to day life without knowing whether it’s implicit or not. Whereas, conclusion means making a judgement with proper reasons and proofs.

In this type of reasoning, a statement will be given with 2 or more options. You have to decide which of the options are correct conclusions.

Sometimes only 1 option will be the conclusion and at times it follows more than 1. And also there are chances for none of the options to follow the conclusion.

In some cases, the statement and conclusion will give the direct clue and at times the clues will remain hidden. So pay good attention while concluding statements.

Example

Statement: Ram and lakshman are twin brothers.

Conclusion

  1. Ram has an elder sister.
  2. Lakshman has a twin brother.

Options

  1. Only conclusion 1 is valid
  2. Only conclusion 2 is valid
  3. Either conclusion 1 or 2 is valid
  4. Neither conclusion 1 or 2 is valid
  5. Both conclusions 1 and 2 are valid

Now, before answering look at the statement, it says that Ram and Lakshman are twin brothers. Now come to the conclusion.

Conclusion 1 says that Ram has an elder sister. But the statement does not relate anything with the conclusion 1. Conclusion 2 says Lakshman has a twin brother and which relates with the statement well.

So the answer is option (a).

Note: While solving conclusions, you should not think anything outside the given statement. Ram may or may not have an elder sister. That doesn’t make any sense with the given statement.

So always consider things that is, given in the statement and don’t research whether it is right or wrong.

Tips and Tricks to solve statements and conclusions

  1. Don’t research the given statement. Sometimes the fact may be wrong but there is no use in wasting time on finding the facts about given questions.
  2. Follow the keywords such as may, may not, always, few, never, should be, must, no, most, few. These kinds of words will help you to analyze the conclusion as valid or not.
  3. The conclusions that are given with specific examples are not valid.
  4. The conclusions with keywords mostly, always, only, exactly, atleast and so on are, tend to be invalid in most cases.
  5. Conclusions are invalid if they do not relate to the given statement.