IQBRAINN

Perfectly explained spotting errors with solved question and answers

In this session, you will learn more about ‘spotting errors’ which is one of the important sessions in verbal reasoning.

These questions asks you to spot the errors in the given sentences and correct them. The error can be anything, that is, errors in noun, pronoun, singular and plural, usage of words, etc.

To know more about the rules and tricks to solve spotting error questions, continue reading this article.

What is spotting errors?

In spotting error questions, there will be sentences that are segmented into three to four parts in every question.

One of the segments from the sentence will have a grammatical error. Options of A, B, C and D will be given.

All you have to do is to spot the error in the given sentence and choose the correct answer from the given options that contains the error that you spotted. This is called spotting error questions.

How to find the errors?

To find the errors in the given statements, you need to know some grammar rules and sentence formation rules. Only then you will be able to find the errors in the given statements.

What are the rules to solve spotting errors?

The following rules should be known by you before solving these kinds of questions.

Parts of speech

Following are the eight parts of speech.

  1. Noun : naming words
  2. Adjective: describing noun 
  3. Verb: action words
  4. Adverb: describing the action words, that is, verb.
  5. Pronoun: words used in the place of names or nouns. Example: he, she, they, etc.
  6. Preposition : mentioning the position of any object or thing. Example: up, down, on, under, etc (on the table, under the tree, etc).
  7. Conjunction: connecting words. Example: and, so, but, etc.
  8. Interjection : word describing emotions. Example: wow, hurray, alas, etc.

You should look out for errors in these areas because most of the error spotting questions will have errors in these areas. So it is better for you to know more about these topics which may help you to solve these questions.

SUBJECT AGREEMENT WITH VERB

See that if the subject is agreeing with the verb. If the subject is singular the verb should also be singular; if the subject is plural the verb should be plural as well.

For example:

There were a dog under my bed.

There was a dog under my bed.

In this statement, there was only one dog (singular subject). But the verb is describing plural subject (were). So, that is a wrong statement.      

PARALLELISM

Different words in a statement performing same operation should be in the same format. And the statement should be grammatically correct.

For example:

You need to know about word processing, accounting and how to program computers.

You need to know about word processing, accounting and computer programming.

MODIFIER

A modifier is a word or phrase that modifies the subject. It should be placed next to the subject if modified.

For example:

Covered in the mud, John help the cat.

Covered in the mud, the cat was helped by John.

DICTION

Use of correct word in the correct place.

For example:

See you latter

See you later

REDUNDANCY

Needless repetition of the same idea.

For example:

He will return back on Friday.

He will return on Friday.

These are some of the important rules to be known by you before solving spotting error questions.

NOTE: There may be one or two questions in between other questions where there won’t be any errors. These questions are to check if you really know the concept. So it is better for you to think before you answer any questions.